Pruning roses in spring is important. Because removing dead and unnecessary branches will improve air circulation, encourage growth and bloom and make better shape. It’s easy with a sharp pruner. Of course, long and thick gloves too.
When to Prune Roses?
It is said to base on the last frost date. In my zone, the last frost date is late, around May. But weather gets warm earlier than that. I generally watch for my roses. If the leaf buds swell which means the bumps on the canes get larger and reddish in color, I think it’s the time.
How to Prune Roses?
(1) Start from the base of the plant.
(2) Prune to open the center of the pant to light and air circulation.
(3) Make cuts about ¼ inch above buds, at 45-degree and face outside of the plant.
(4) Avoid ragged cut.
(5) Completely remove broken, dead, or diseased branches. If a branch is dark brown or black, cut until the inside is white.
(6) Remove the small branches thinner than a pencil in diameter.
(7) Remove remaining foliage.
(8) After making cuts, sometimes ends of the cuts need to be sealed to prevent entry of cane borders. White glue works.
Don’t worry. A bad pruning won’t kill roses.